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Comparative IgG recognition of tick extracts by sera of experimentally infested bovines

Cruz, A.P.R., Silva, S.S., Mattos, R.T., Da Silva Vaz, I., Masuda, A., Ferreira, C.A.S.
Veterinary parasitology 2008 v.158 no.1-2 pp. 152-158
immunoglobulin G, ticks, animal tissue extracts, seroprevalence, Rhipicephalus microplus, humoral immunity, cattle, immunomodulators, Western blotting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, tick infestations
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot were used to investigate the pattern of antibody responses of six bovines infested twelve times with Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Canestrini, 1887) (Acari: Ixodidae) (six heavy infestations followed by six light infestations) against salivary gland, gut and larvae extracts. During heavy infestations, bovine IgG levels were shown to be higher, and a decrease in the number and weight of ticks that completed the parasitic cycle was observed. The pattern changed starting from the seventh infestation, showing a decrease in IgG levels. An initial increase followed by a significant decrease in the proportion of ticks that completed the parasitic cycle was also observed from the seventh infestation. The number of molecules recognized by Western blot was higher from sera collected following heavy infestations than after light infestations, although a great variation in the profiles detected could be seen when the bovines were compared. These results indicate that IgG responses to different tick antigens may not be generally associated with bovine resistance, and that infestation levels modulate the magnitude of humoral responses and possibly the immune mechanisms in the natural acquisition of tick resistance.