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Protective immunity of recombinant Mycobacterium bovis BCG expressing rhomboid gene against Eimeria tenella challenge

Wang, Qiuyue, Li, Jianhua, Zhang, Xichen, Liu, Quan, Liu, Chengwu, Ma, Guangpeng, Cao, Lili, Gong, Pengtao, Cai, Yanan, Zhang, Guocai
Veterinary parasitology 2009 v.160 no.3-4 pp. 198-203
chickens, food animals, poultry diseases, Eimeria tenella, animal pathogens, coccidiosis, recombinant vaccines, Mycobacterium bovis BCG, recombinant proteins, plasmid vectors, vaccination, immune response, CD4-positive T-lymphocytes, CD8-positive T-lymphocytes
Two recombinant Mycobacterium bovis BCG (rBCG) strains carrying the Eimeria tenella rhomboid gene (Rho) delivered by extrachromosomal vector pMV261 and integrative vector pMV361 were evaluated for their ability to protect chickens against E. tenella challenge. The chickens were immunized intranasal with BCG, rBCG pMV261-Rho, or rBCG pMV361-Rho twice at a 2-week interval. All the recombinant BCG immunized chickens developed specific immune responses, and there was a significant increases of the percentages of CD4⁺ and CD8⁺ cells compared to the control (P <0.05). Challenge experiments demonstrated that the two rBCG strains could provide significant protection against E. tenella challenge. But vaccination with rBCG pMV261-Rho induced higher specific antibody titers and produced greater protection rate (56.04%) than rBCG pMV361-Rho group (P <0.05). These results indicated that M. bovis BCG is a novel vaccine vector to express and present antigens of E. tenella, and rBCG has a potential as vaccine in chickens.