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Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) integrins αvβ3 and αvβ6 as FMDV receptors: Molecular cloning, sequence analysis and comparison with other species

Du, Junzheng, Gao, Shandian, Chang, Huiyun, Cong, Guozheng, Lin, Tong, Shao, Junjun, Liu, Zaixin, Liu, Xiangtao, Cai, Xuepeng
Veterinary immunology and immunopathology 2009 v.131 no.3-4 pp. 190-199
Bactrian camels, foot-and-mouth disease, Foot-and-mouth disease virus, immunity, disease resistance, pathogenesis, disease reservoirs, nucleotide sequences, membrane glycoproteins, integrins, receptors, cell adhesion, viral proteins, binding properties, tissue tropism, molecular genetics, molecular cloning, complementary DNA, sequence analysis, genomics, phylogeny, species differences
Integrins are heterodimeric adhesion receptors that participate in a variety of cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix protein interactions. Many integrins recognize RGD sequences displayed on extracellular matrix proteins and the exposed loops of viral capsid proteins. Four members of the αv integrin family of cellular receptors, αvβ3, αvβ6, αvβ1 and αvβ8, have been identified as receptors for foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) in vitro, and integrins are believed to be the receptors used to target epithelial cells in the infected animals. To analyse the roles of the αv integrins from a susceptible species as viral receptors, we have cloned Bactrian camel αv, β3 and β6 integrin cDNAs and compared them to those of other species. The coding sequences for Bactrian camel integrin αv, β3 and β6 were found to be 3165, 2289 and 2367 nucleotides in length, encoding 1054, 762 and 788 amino acids, respectively. The Bactrian camel αv, β3 and β6 subunits share many structural features with homologues of other species, including the ligand binding domain and cysteine-rich region. Phylogenetic trees and similarity analyses showed the close relationships of integrin genes from Bactrian camels, pigs and cattle, which are each susceptible to FMDV infection, that were distinct from the orders Rodentia, Primates, Perissodactyla, Carnivora, Galliformes and Xenopus. We postulate that host tropism of FMDV may in part be related to the divergence in integrin subunits among different species.