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Identification of Odor Impact Compounds of Tagetes minuta L. Essential Oil: Comparison of Two GC-Olfactometry Methods

Breme, Katharina, Tournayre, Pascal, Fernandez, Xavier, Meierhenrich, Uwe J., Brevard, Hugues, Joulain, Daniel, Berdague, Jean Louis
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2009 v.57 no.18 pp. 8572–8580
odors, odor compounds, Tagetes minuta, essential oils, volatile compounds, phytochemicals, smell, gas chromatography, olfactometry
Odor impact compounds of Tagetes minuta L. essential oil were studied by gas chromatography (GC)-olfactometry using aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA) and vocabulary-intensity-duration of elementary odors by sniffing (VIDEO-Sniff). AEDA was conducted by direct injection and revealed the presence of 43 odorant zones. Highest flavor dilution (FD) values were obtained for ethyl 2-methylpropanoate, ethyl 3-methylbutanoate, (E)-ocimenone, two tentatively identified thiols, and two yet unknown compounds. VIDEO-Sniff was realized by dynamic headspace sampling (D-HS) combined with 8W-GC-olfactometry where eight sniffers simultaneously detect volatile compounds obtained from a single chromatographic separation and revealed the presence of 42 odorant zones. Odorant trace compounds detected by GC-O that were present in quantities inferior to the GC-qMS system’s detection limit and those subject to coelutions were identified by GC×GC-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS). A total amount of 37 odorant components could be identified by VIDEO-Sniff, and the strong influence of the fruity notes of numerous esters stood out. Highest olfactory signals were obtained for ethyl 2-methylpropanoate, ethyl 2- and 3-methylbutanoate, and oct-1-en-3-one. Both methods hence come to the conclusion that ethyl 2-methylpropanoate and ethyl 2- and 3-methylbutanoate are among the main odorants in Tagetes minuta L. essential oil. Differences, advantages, and drawbacks of both GC-O methods are discussed.