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Hydrothermal processing and enzymatic hydrolysis of sorghum bagasse for fermentable carbohydrates production

Dogaris, Ioannis, Karapati, Sofia, Mamma, Diomi, Kalogeris, Emmanuel, Kekos, Dimitris
Bioresource technology 2009 v.100 no.24 pp. 6543-6549
xylan 1,4-beta-xylosidase, depolymerization, bagasse, lignocellulose, renewable energy sources, reducing sugars, grain sorghum, cellulose 1,4-beta-cellobiosidase, raw materials, hot water treatment, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, enzymatic hydrolysis, endo-1,4-beta-xylanase, biomass, Sorghum (Poaceae), beta-glucosidase, saccharification, disaccharides
Untreated and hydrothermally treated sorghum bagasse (SB) was hydrolyzed to simple sugars by the synergistic action of cellulases and hemicellulases produced by the fungi Fusarium oxysporum and Neurospora crassa. Synergism between the two lignocellulolytic systems was maximized with the application of higher fraction of N. crassa enzymes. Hydrothermolysis of SB was studied at a wide range of treatment times and temperatures. At intense pretreatment conditions (210°C for 20min; logR ₀ =4.54), the residual hemicellulose percentage was 17.45%, while formation of inhibitory products, 5-hydromethyl-furfural (HMF), furfural, acetic and formic acid, (0.21, 0.51, 3.36 and 1.80g/l, respectively) remained in acceptable levels. Maximum conversion of cellulose and total polysaccharides of the untreated SB were 23.18% and 18.79%, respectively. Combining hydrothermal treatment and enzymatic hydrolysis of released oligosaccharides and insoluble solids resulted in improvement of cellulose (approximately 15% increase) and total polysaccharides (two fold) hydrolysis compared to that of untreated SB.