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Development of introgression lines of an Indica-type rice variety, IR64, for unique agronomic traits and detection of the responsible chromosomal regions

Fujita, Daisuke, Santos, Rizza E., Ebron, Leodegario A., Telebanco-Yanoria, Mary J., Kato, Hiroshi, Kobayashi, Sohei, Uga, Yusaku, Araki, Etsuko, Takai, Toshiyuki, Tsunematsu, Hiroshi, Imbe, Tokio, Khush, Gurdev S., Brar, Darshan S., Fukuta, Yoshimichi, Kobayashi, Nobuya
Field crops research 2009 v.114 no.2 pp. 244-254
Oryza sativa, rice, introgression, cultivars, agronomic traits, genetic variation, backcrossing, genotype, inflorescences, leaves, stems, heading, phenology, weight, genetic markers, microsatellite repeats, genetic polymorphism, phenotype, chromosomes
A total of 334 introgression lines (INLs: BC₃-derived lines) derived from crosses between a recurrent parent of Indica rice cultivar IR64 and 10 donor parents, including new plant type (NPT) lines IR65600-87-2-2-3, IR65598-112-2, IR65564-2-2-3, IR69093-41-2-3-2, IR69125-25-3-1-1, Hoshiaoba, IR66215-44-2-3, IR68522-10-2-2, IR71195-AC1, and IR66750-6-2-1, have been developed. These INLs with IR64 genetic background were characterized for eight agronomic traits: days to heading, culm length, leaf width, leaf length, panicle length, panicle number, 100-grain weight, and total spikelet number per panicle at the International Rice Research Institute from 2005 to 2007. To identify introgressed segments from the donor parents, genotypes of the 334 INLs were detected using more than 200 polymorphic simple sequence repeat markers. These segments detected on chromosomes 1, 2, 4, 5, and 6 were commonly introgressed across the INLs from more than four donor varieties. Based on the data of phenotype and genotype for the 334 INLs, associations between agronomic traits and introgressed chromosomal segments in the 334 INLs were investigated. A total of 54 regions for the eight traits were detected: seven regions for days to heading, eight regions for culm length, eight regions for leaf width, four regions for leaf length, six regions for panicle length, three regions for panicle number per plant, seven regions for 100-grain weight, and 11 regions for total spikelet number per panicle. Among them, the region on the long arm of chromosome 4 was associated with characteristics of the NPT such as long leaf, broad leaf, and high spikelet number. The developed 334 INLs with the IR64 genetic background will be useful materials for genetic analysis of agronomic traits.