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Association between evaluation of the reproductive tract by various diagnostic tests and restoration of ovarian cyclicity in high-producing dairy cows
- Senosy, W.S., Uchiza, M., Tameoka, N., Izaike, Y., Osawa, T.
- Theriogenology 2009 v.72 no.9 pp. 1153-1162
- dairy cows, female fertility, anestrus, estrus, postpartum interval, health status, postpartum period, biomarkers, uterus, endometrium, vagina, leukocytes, mucus, cell biology, endoscopy, ultrasonography, hematologic tests, validity, disease detection, follicular development
- The uterine condition of clinically normal postpartum Holstein-Friesian dairy cows (n = 45) was evaluated once weekly (Weeks 3 to 7) by endometrial cytology, vaginal mucus collection device (VMCD), vaginoscopy, and ultrasonography to establish a relationship with postpartum resumption of ovulatory cycles. The time of first detection of the corpus luteum (CL) by ultrasonography and plasma progesterone concentration ≥1 ng/mL was recorded. By 49 d postpartum, 78% of the cows (n=35) had resumed ovarian function (CL group), whereas the remainder (n=10) had no CL (NCL group). There was a positive correlation between VMCD score and presence of fluid in the uterus in cows with a CL (P<0.01) during Week 3 postpartum but no significant correlation in cows without a CL. Percentage of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN%) was higher in the NCL group (mean±SEM, 24.6±9.4%) than in the CL group (11.7±2.2%) during Week 5 postpartum (P<0.05). The PMN% (4.5±6.5%) and VMCD (0.5±0.5) scores during Week 5 in cows ovulating by Day 28 were lower (P<0.01) than the PMN% (15.0±14.3%) and VMCD (1.1±0.9) scores in those ovulating by Day 49. In conclusion, higher PMN% at 5 wk postpartum was associated with delayed resumption of ovarian cyclicity in high-producing dairy cows.