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Feline intestinal sclerosing mast cell tumour: 50 cases (1997-2008)

Author:
Halsey, C.H.C., Powers, B.E., Kamstock, D.A.
Source:
Veterinary and comparative oncology 2010 v.8 no.1 pp. 72-79
ISSN:
1476-5810
Subject:
carcinogenesis, neoplasms, cats, metastasis, sclerosis, intestines, cat diseases, mast cells, digestive system diseases, histochemistry
Abstract:
This case series presents a unique and unreported variant of feline intestinal mast cell tumour recognized at the CSU Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. Fifty cases of feline intestinal mast cell tumours described as having a significant stromal component were reviewed. Neoplastic cells formed a trabecular pattern admixed with moderate to abundant dense stromal collagen (sclerosis). Neoplastic cells had poorly discernible intracytoplasmic granules which demonstrated metachromasia with special histochemical stains consistent with mast cell granules. Additionally, a subset of cases stained for mast cell-specific tryptase and c-kit demonstrated positive immunoreactivity. Eosinophilic infiltrates were moderate to marked in almost all cases. Lymph node and hepatic metastases were present in 66% of the cases. Treatment and clinical outcome was available in 25/50 cases. Twenty-three of these patients died or were euthanized within 2 months of initial diagnosis. This is the first case series to characterize a sclerosing variant of intestinal mast cell tumour in the cat which appears to have a high propensity for metastasis and a guarded prognosis.
Agid:
775125