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Peptidase inhibitors from the salivary glands of the cockroach Nauphoeta cinerea

Taranushenko, Yuliya, Vinokurov, Konstantin S., Kludkiewicz, Barbara, Kodrík, Dalibor, Sehnal, František
Insect biochemistry and molecular biology 2009 v.39 no.12 pp. 920-930
insect pests, Nauphoeta cinerea, insect physiology, digestive physiology, salivary glands, saliva, chymotrypsin, trypsin, peptidases, enzyme activity, enzyme inactivation, enzyme inhibition, enzyme inhibitors, insect genetics, molecular genetics, complementary DNA, sequence analysis, nucleotide sequences, amino acid sequences, subtilisin
Inhibitory activity against subtilisin, proteinase K, chymotrypsin and trypsin was detected in the salivary glands and saliva of the cockroach Nauphoeta cinerea (Blattoptera: Blaberidae). Fractionation of the salivary glands extract by affinity chromatography followed by reverse-phase HPLC yielded five subtilisin-inhibiting peptides with molecular masses ranging from 5 to 14 kDa. N-terminal sequences and subsequently full-length cDNAs of inhibitors designated NcPIa and NcPIb were obtained. The NcPIa cDNA contains 216 nucleotides and encodes a pre-peptide of 72 amino-acid residues of which 19 make up the signal peptide. The cDNA of NcPIb consists of 240 nucleotides and yields a putative secretory peptide of 80 amino-acid residues. Mature NcPIa (5906.6 Da, 53 residues) and NcPIb (6713.3 Da, 60 residues) are structurally similar (65.4% amino acid overlap) single-domain Kazal-type peptidase inhibitors. NcPIa with Arg in P1 position and typical Kazal motif VCGSD interacted stoichiometrically (1:1) with subtilisin and was slightly less active against proteinase K. NcPIb with Leu in P1 and modified Kazal motif ICGSD had similar activity on subtilisin and no on proteinase K but was active on chymotrypsin.