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Fabrication and mechanical properties of braided flax fabric polylactic acid bio-composites

Sateeshkumar Kanakannavar, Jeyaraj Pitchaimani
The journal of the Textile Institute 2025 v.113 no.5 pp. 833-845
biocomposites, compression molding, flax, polylactic acid, thermoplastics, woven fabrics
This paper primarily describes the development of flax braided yarn fabric reinforced thermoplastic composites. Plain woven fabric is made by interlacing 3D braided yarn produced by solid braiding method. Tensile properties of braided yarn and woven fabric are evaluated. Solution casting is used prior to composite fabrication to prepare polylactic acid (PLA) and (natural fiber braided fabric) NFBF–PLA sheets. Followed by this, composite laminates are prepared using through film stacking and compression molding. Influence of number of layers of fabric and loading along warp and weft directions on mechanical properties such as tensile, flexural and impact properties are presented. It is observed that the reinforcement enhances the tensile, flexural and impact properties of the composite significantly for the warp loading. Results also clearly indicates that braided yarn fabric reinforcement have the potential for significant improvement of mechanical and thermal properties of PLA composites.