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Collection time, cutting age, IBA and putrescine effects on root formation in Corylus avellana L. cuttings

Cristofori, Valerio, Rouphael, Youssef, Rugini, Eddo
Scientia horticulturae 2010 v.124 no.2 pp. 189-194
Corylus avellana, hazelnuts, nut crops, plant cuttings, rooting, vegetative propagation, plant age, indole butyric acid, putrescine, cultivars, seasonal variation, application rate, leaves, genetic variation
The effects of collection time, cutting age, indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) and putrescine application on the rooting of cuttings of Italian hazelnut cultivars ‘Tonda Gentile Romana', ‘Tonda di Giffoni' and ‘Nocchione' were investigated. Samples collected during late June, late July and early September from newly formed and 1-year old part of twigs to be utilized to produce leafy cuttings, after being treated with 1000 and 2000ppm IBA, respectively. In addition, the September cuttings were also treated, respectively, with 1000 and 2000ppm IBA and 1600ppm putrescine. Rooting ability was evaluated 2 months after planting for each treatment and collection time. Satisfactory rooting of hazelnut leafy cuttings was observed when collection time occurred in June and September, whereas leafy cuttings collected in July showed a limited capacity of rooting in all cultivars tested. On average, the rooting of the newly formed leafy cuttings was more than the 1-year old cuttings. Rooting was also promoted by IBA treatments, mainly in ‘Nocchione' and ‘Tonda di Giffoni'. In contrast, young cuttings collected from ‘Tonda Gentile Romana' in early September rooted poorly when treated with IBA alone, but showed the best rooting (∼80%) after the application of a combination of 1000ppm IBA and 1600ppm putrescine. The current findings confirm that putrescine can be a useful substance for increasing rooting percentage and root quality in cuttings of some hazelnut cultivars as obtained from ‘Tonda Gentile Romana' cultivar.