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Exosomes from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells decrease chemosensitivity of acute myeloid leukemia cells via delivering miR-10a

Juan Wu, Yaqin Zhang, Xiaoyu Li, Jingyi Ren, Ling Chen, Jiadi Chen, Yingping Cao
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2022 v.622 pp. 149-156
bone marrow, coculture, exosomes, myeloid leukemia, research
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are an integral part of the acute myeloid leukemia (AML) bone marrow microenvironment and contribute to AML progression. In this study, we explored the communication between BMSCs and AML cells via exosomes. The AML cells co-cultured with BMSCs-Exos were found to have lower chemosensitivity exposed to cytarabine, suggesting that BMSCs-Exos could protect AML cells from cytarabine. Interestingly, miR-10a was elevated in BMSCs-Exos derived from AML (AML-BMSCs-Exos) compared with that from healthy donor. The expression levels of miR-10a in AML cells was significantly up-regulated after co-culture with BMSCs-Exos. Furthermore, the up-regulated miR-10a was an crucial factor contributing to the chemoresistance of leukemia cells. Down-regulation of miR-10a substantially increase chemosensitivity of AML cells treated with BMSCs-Exos. Chemosensitivity of AML cells was also decreased through down-regulating RPRD1A by miR-10a that ultimately lead to the stimulation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Collectively, our findings demonstrated that AML-BMSCs could deliver miR-10a to AML cells via exosomes, which could target RPRD1A and activate Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway that subsequently decreased chemosensitivity of AML cells.