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Virulence characteristics of genetically related isolates of group B streptococci from bovines and humans

Corrêa, A.B.A., Américo, M.A., Oliveira, I.C.M., Silva, L.G., de Mattos, M.C., Ferreira, A.M.M., Couceiro, J.N.S.S., Fracalanzza, S.E.L., Benchetrit, L.C.
Veterinary microbiology 2010 v.143 no.2-4 pp. 429-433
dairy cattle, bovine mastitis, human diseases, bacterial infections, Streptococcus agalactiae, humans, pathogenicity, food pathogens, molecular epidemiology, microbial genetics, molecular genetics, bacterial proteins, hyaluronoglucosaminidase, laminin, binding proteins, phylogeny, virulence, strain differences, species differences
The present study had the objective of evaluating the pathogenic potential of the genetically related strains of Streptococcus agalactiae no. 80427 (human origin) and no. 87159 (bovine origin), and comparing the results with two other strains isolated from bovine mastitis (no. 87244) and invasive human infection (no. 90356), with no genetic or epidemiologic relationship between them or with the first 2 isolates. Virulence genes hylB (hyaluronidase) and lmb (laminin-binding protein) were detected in the 4 strains, and genes bac (beta protein) and bca (alpha protein) were only detected in human strains. The protein profile obtained using SDS-PAGE did not indicate any differences between the 4 strains. No significant difference was detected between human and bovine strains in the assays of adherence to and invasion of 16HBe cells, as well as in the resistance assay for intracellular bacterial survival in macrophages. However, the strain 87159 exhibited a greater survival in the killing test with whole human blood and was more virulent in newborn mice than the 80427 strain. The strain 87244 was not virulent in mice. These data suggest that isolates of human and bovine origins may express similar virulence attributes, leading to a possible, however limited, dissemination.