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Interference of redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) in green bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)

Author:
MIRSHEKARI, BAHRAM, JAVANSHIR, AZIZ, ARBAT, HAMDOLLAH KAZEMI
Source:
Weed biology and management 2010 v.10 no.2 pp. 120-125
ISSN:
1444-6162
Subject:
developmental stages, vegetable crops, phenology, broadleaf weeds, dry matter accumulation, Phaseolus vulgaris, economic threshold, green beans, crop yield, seedling emergence, Amaranthus retroflexus, crop-weed competition, Iran
Abstract:
Weeds that emerge along with or immediately after crop plants usually can reduce the yield of those crops. Two randomized complete block design experiments were conducted during 2006 and 2007 in Tabriz, Iran to determine the critical period of redroot pigweed control in the green bean hybrid "Cantander". The treatments were weed-infested and weed-free plots at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 14 weeks after bean emergence (WABE). The green bean biomass was affected by the early emergence of redroot pigweed, but it was not reduced when redroot pigweed emerged at 10 weeks after crop emergence, along with crop emergence, and grew with green bean until 4 WABE. The redroot pigweed biomass decreased by 2.7 g m⁻² per day when weed emergence was delayed. Each 100 g m⁻² of weed biomass that was produced resulted in a 1.4 kg ha⁻¹ loss in the green bean yield. When redroot pigweed interference lasted for ≥4 weeks after green bean emergence, the green bean yield was reduced significantly. Weeds, which emerged 2 weeks after green bean and thereafter were controlled, did not decrease crop productivity significantly. The highest crop yield was obtained when the weed emerged at 14 WABE. The critical period of redroot pigweed control, considering a 10% yield loss, was between 19 and 55 days after green bean emergence. Thus, weed control practises should be begun no later than 3 WABE and should continue until at least 8 WABE in order to obtain the maximum green bean yield.
Agid:
786010