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Effect of hot air treatment on postharvest mould decay in Chinese bayberry fruit and the possible mechanisms

Wang, Kaituo, Cao, Shifeng, Jin, Peng, Rui, Huaijing, Zheng, Yonghua
International journal of food microbiology 2010 v.141 no.1-2 pp. 11-16
heat treatment, postharvest diseases, molds (fungi), Myrica, small fruits, postharvest treatment, tropical and subtropical fruits, indigenous species, shelf life, food spoilage, fruit quality, China
The effect of hot air treatment (HAT) on reducing natural fungal decay and green mould decay caused by Leptographium abietinum on postharvest Chinese bayberry fruit and the possible mechanisms were investigated. Freshly harvested Chinese bayberry fruit were firstly pretreated with hot air at 36-60°C for 1-3h, and then stored at 20°C for 3d or at 1°C for 12d to investigate the optimum condition of hot air treatment (HAT) for inhibiting decay development. Results demonstrated that HAT at 48°C for 3h was the most effective in reducing natural decay without impairing quality. This treatment also enhanced the resistance of Chinese bayberry fruit against green mould rot caused by L. abietinum and reduced the severity of the disease. The activities of defense-related enzymes including chitinase, β-1, 3-glucanase, peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase were significantly enhanced by HAT. In addition, the in vitro experiment showed that HAT significantly inhibited spore germination, germ tube elongation and mycelial growth of L. abietinum. These results indicate that HAT can effectively reduce fruit decay possibly by directly inhibiting pathogen growth and indirectly inducing disease resistance.