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Arrowroot as a novel substrate for ethanol production by solid state simultaneous saccharification and fermentation
- Wu, Tian-xiang, Wang, Feng, Tang, Qing-li, Zhu, Zuo-hua
- Biomass and bioenergy 2010 v.34 no.8 pp. 1159-1164
- Canna, arrowroot starch, energy crops, ethanol production, fuel production, ethanol, saccharification, solid state fermentation, processing technology, enzymatic hydrolysis, enzyme substrates, reaction kinetics, yields, corn cobs, rice bran, sugars, wastewater
- Ethanol production from Canna edulis Ker was successfully carried out by solid state simultaneous saccharification and fermentation. The enzymatic hydrolysis conditions of C. edulis were optimized by Plackett-Burman design. The effect of inert carrier (corncob and rice bran) on ethanol fermentation and the kinetics of solid state simultaneous saccharification and fermentation was investigated. It was found that C. edulis was an alternative substrate for ethanol production, 10.1% (v/v) of ethanol concentration can attained when 40 g corncob and 10 g rice bran per 100 g C. edulis powder were added for ethanol fermentation. No shortage of fermentable sugars was observed during solid state simultaneous saccharification and fermentation. There was no wastewater produced in the process of ethanol production from C. edulis with solid state simultaneous saccharification and fermentation and the ethanol yield of more than 0.28 tonne per one tonne feedstock was achieved. This is first report for ethanol production from C. edulis powder.