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Carbon dioxide exchange in a northern Prairie cropping system over three years

Author:
Glenn, A.J., Amiro, B.D., Tenuta, M., Stewart, S.E., Wagner-Riddle, C.
Source:
Agricultural and forest meteorology 2010 v.150 no.7-8 pp. 908-918
ISSN:
0168-1923
Subject:
carbon dioxide, gas exchange, Zea mays, corn, Triticum aestivum, spring wheat, grain crops, Vicia faba, faba beans, field crops, crop rotation, turbulent flow, height, spatial variation, tillage, conservation tillage, cell respiration, temporal variation, photosynthesis, air temperature, net ecosystem exchange, Manitoba
Abstract:
Net carbon dioxide ecosystem exchange (NEE) was measured over three years (2006-2008) in a maize/faba/spring-wheat crop rotation in the Red River Valley of southern Manitoba, Canada using the flux-gradient method. The turbulent transfer coefficients were obtained using a similarity-theory, eddy-covariance based aerodynamic method and the carbon dioxide vertical gradient was measured with a tunable diode laser analyzer. The system measured 30-min-average fluxes over each of four plots sequentially to test reduced and intensive tillage treatments. Annual cumulative NEE was -720, 70 and -2400kgCha⁻¹ yr⁻¹ in the maize, faba and spring-wheat crop years, respectively. Enhanced respiration in the faba year was largely responsible for the loss, whereas the large gain in the spring-wheat year was a combination of high photosynthetic activity and reduced respiration. The three years experienced sequentially cooler and wetter years that likely affected the crops. After accounting for harvest removals, the net ecosystem loss was 510, 3140 and -480(gain)kgCha⁻¹ yr⁻¹ for the respective crop years, summing to a three-year loss of 3170kgCha⁻¹. A recent conversion from intensive tillage to a reduced tillage practice showed no difference because of relatively large variability among the four plots.
Agid:
787127