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Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration of Lilium ledebourii (Baker) Boiss., an endangered species

Bakhshaie, Mehdi, Babalar, Mesbah, Mirmasoumi, Masoud, Khalighi, Ahmad
Plant cell, tissue, and organ culture 2010 v.102 no.2 pp. 229-235
Lilium, endangered species, somatic embryogenesis, micropropagation, in vitro regeneration, conservation plants, explants, bulbs, roots, culture media, sucrose, agar, naphthaleneacetic acid, benzyladenine, plant growth substances, embryo (plant), cell differentiation, shoots, plantlets, photoperiod, acclimation
A somatic embryogenesis (SE) protocol was established for the regeneration of Lilium ledebourii (Baker) Boiss. whole plants using new vegetative bulblet microscales and transverse thin cell layers (tTCLs) of young bulblet roots as the explant sources. Bulblets were induced from bulb scale explants cultured for at least 3 months in the dark on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 3% sucrose, 0.8% agar, and different concentrations of α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), 6-benzyladenine (BA), and thidiazuron. Embryo-like structures were obtained from tTCL explants of 3-month-old bulblets (excised from bulb scale explants) following culture on solid MS medium containing 3% sucrose and various concentrations of NAA and BA for 3 months in the dark. Both the explant source and the type of plant growth regulators affected the differentiation of somatic embryos. The highest percentage (65.55%) of embryogenesis was obtained from bulblet microscale tTCLs cultured on solid MS medium containing 0.54 μM NAA and 0.44 μM BA. Plants with normal shoots and roots were obtained following a 3-month culture of embryos on growth regulator-free MS medium at 25 ± 1°C under a 16/8-h light/dark photoperiod (light intensity 40 μmol m⁻² s⁻¹, cool-white fluorescent light). The plants were successfully acclimatized in the growth chamber.