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Dietary Ligands as Determinants of Iron-Zinc Interactions at the Absorptive Enterocyte

Iyengar, Vasuprada, Pullakhandam, Raghu, Nair, K. Madhavan
Journal of food science 2010 v.75 no.8 pp. H260
phytic acid, zinc, nutrient-nutrient interactions, tartaric acid, chelating agents, iron, nutrient uptake, intestinal absorption, tannins, methionine, chelation, cell lines, dietary minerals, enterocytes, cysteine, histidine, ascorbic acid
Iron and zinc interact at the enterocyte and influence the absorption of one another. We have previously reported that zinc noncompetitively inhibits iron uptake in Caco-2 cells, a widely accepted model of the absorptive enterocyte. However, the determinants of this interaction, such as the effect of dietary ligands, remain uncharacterized. Dietary ligands selectively chelate iron and zinc in definite stoichiometric proportions and thus alter the bioavailability from food matrices. Here, we have used common dietary ligands, such as ascorbic acid, phytic acid, tannic acid, tartaric acid, cysteine, histidine, and methionine to characterize iron, zinc uptake individually and in combination, using Caco-2 cells. Selective chelation of zinc, using cysteine, decreased the magnitude of inhibition of iron uptake but could not reverse the inhibition. On the other hand, selective increase in iron uptake in the presence of methionine resulted in increased zinc uptake, rather than inhibition. Taken together, these in vitro results suggest that dietary ligands can modulate iron-zinc interaction and that zinc cannot competitively inhibit iron uptake.