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Desiccation of leaves after de-submergence is one cause for intolerance to complete submergence of the rice cultivar IR 42

Author:
Setter, Timothy L., Bhekasut, Panatda, Greenway, Hank
Source:
Functional plant biology 2010 v.37 no.11 pp. 1096-1104
ISSN:
1445-4408
Subject:
plant damage, cultivars, rice, plant growth, relative humidity, Oryza sativa, flooding tolerance, seedlings, leaf water potential, flooded conditions, desiccation (plant physiology), leaves
Abstract:
This paper presents evidence that severe water deficits, following de-submergence after flash flooding of rice, contribute to submergence intolerance of IR 42, a rice cultivar that rapidly elongates during submergence. In glasshouse experiments, 13-day-old rice seedlings were completely submerged for 3-5 days. The main experiments were with IR 42, a cultivar intolerant to transient complete submergence. During submergence the 3rd leaf expanded, and after 5 days submergence its sheath was 4-fold longer than in non-submerged seedlings. After de-submergence, this leaf rapidly desiccated, its water potential dropped below -2MPa, while the stomatal conductance was very low. Excision experiments showed the water deficits after de-submergence were due mainly to a large reduction in the hydraulic conductivity in the leaf sheath. The water deficits are an important cause in the sequence of events rather than a mere result of injury: when plants were de-submerged at 100% rather than at 50% RH, water potentials remained high. However, when, after another 5 days, these plants were transferred to 50% RH, the 3rd leaf rapidly desiccated, indicating little repair of the lesion causing the low hydraulic conductivity.
Agid:
793818