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Contrast‐enhanced harmonic ultrasonography of medial iliac lymph nodes in healthy dogs
- GASCHEN, LORRIE, ANGELETTE, NIK, STOUT, RHETT
- Veterinary radiology & ultrasound 2010 v.51 no.6 pp. 634-637
- ultrasonography, dogs, lymph nodes, iliac artery, equipment performance, blood flow
- Herein, we describe the normal contrast‐enhanced harmonic, color, and power Doppler ultrasonographic characteristics of the medial iliac lymph nodes in healthy dogs. Contrast‐enhanced harmonic ultrasonography of the medial iliac lymph nodes was performed on 14 healthy dogs after intravenous administration of the lipoprotein‐bound inert gas‐filled microbubble contrast media Definity®. Time-pixel intensity curves were generated for 1‐min postinjection. Quantification of these curves was performed using Philips QLab software. Non‐contrast‐enhanced power and color Doppler examinations were performed in each node to assess vascular patterns subjectively. Normal lymph nodes exhibited a mean contrast wash‐in phase beginning at 6.3 s from the time of injection with mean peak pixel intensity at 12.1 s. Angioarchitecture was best visualized with contrast‐enhanced harmonic ultrasound compared with power and color Doppler. Normal lymph nodes in dogs have a central artery with a centrifugal and uniform branching pattern. Contrast‐enhanced harmonic ultrasonography is a noninvasive examination that demonstrates improved visibility of the intranodal architecture of healthy medial iliac lymph nodes in dogs compared with conventional, non‐contrast‐enhanced Doppler methods that may have future clinical applications.