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Effects of Harvesting Date and Storage on the Amounts of Polyacetylenes in Carrots, Daucus carota
- Kjellenberg, Lars, Johansson, Eva, Gustavsson, Karl-Erik, Olsson, Marie E.
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2010 v.58 no.22 pp. 11703-11708
- harvest date, food storage, storage quality, carrots, polyacetylenes, food analysis, food composition, Daucus carota, off flavors, seasonal variation
- The amounts of three main polyacetylenes in carrots; falcarinol, falcarindiol, and falcarindiol-3-acetate, were determined by HPLC, during three seasons, in carrots harvested several times per season and at different locations in Sweden. The amounts of falcarindiol first decreased from a relatively high level and then increased later in the harvest season. The amounts of falcarindiol-3-acetate showed similar variations, whereas the amounts of falcarinol did not exhibit any significant variation during the harvest season. During storage the amount of polyacetylenes leveled off, increasing in samples initially low and decreasing in samples initially high in polyacetylenes. The amounts of all polyacetylenes varied significantly due to external factors and between stored and fresh samples. This variation opens up possibilities to achieve a chemical composition of polyacetylenes at harvest that minimizes the risk of bitter off-taste and maximizes the positive health effects reported in connection with polyacetylenes in carrots.