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Effects of extra feeding in mid-pregnancy for three successive parities on lean sows’ productive performance and longevity

Cerisuelo, Alba, Sala, Roser, Gasa, Josep, Carrion, Domingo, Coma, Jaume, Chapinal, Nuria, Baucells, Maria D.
Canadian journal of animal science 2010 v.90 no.4 pp. 521-528
parity (reproduction), sow milk, nutritional status, longevity, sow feeding, long term effects, lactation, pregnancy, milk yield, maternal nutrition, sows, culling (animals), lean body mass, nutrient reserves
The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term effects of increasing feeding allowance during mid-pregnancy in sows. A total of 103 PIC pregnant sows (mixed parity) were allocated to two treatments: control (C, n = 49) were fed 2.5-3.0 kg d-1 (12.1 MJ ME kg-1) and extra-fed (E, n = 54) received +2.0 kg d-1 of the same feed from day 45 to 85 of gestation over three consecutive cycles. Body weight, backfat thickness (BF) and loin depth were measured on days 45 and 85 of gestation, farrowing and weaning. Litter and sows performance were recorded during lactation and post-weaning. Overall culling rates were 61 and 67% for C and E groups, respectively. After three cycles, E sows showed a positive BF balance in contrast to C sows (E = +1.46 mm and C= -1.81 mm, P < 0.05). In cycle 3, E sows presented greater piglet birth weights than C sows, being mainly evident in sows that were nulliparous at the onset of the experiment (P < 0.05). Extra-fed sows showed a greater incidence of mastitis-metritis-agalactia syndrome than C sows (P = 0.003). Thus, increasing feeding allowance during mid-pregnancy positively affected BF balance and birth weight in nulliparous, but impaired the sows’ ability to produce milk in the long-term.