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Composition, physicochemical properties and thermal inactivation kinetics of polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase from coconut (Cocos nucifera) water obtained from immature, mature and overly-mature coconut

Tan, Thuan-Chew, Cheng, Lai-Hoong, Bhat, Rajeev, Rusul, Gulam, Easa, Azhar Mat
Food chemistry 2014 v.142 pp. 121-128
Cocos nucifera, catechol oxidase, coconuts, enzyme activity, enzyme inactivation, fructose, glucose, heat, heat inactivation, mineral content, peroxidase, sampling, sucrose, thermal properties, titratable acidity, total soluble solids
Composition, physicochemical properties and enzyme inactivation kinetics of coconut water were compared between immature (IMC), mature (MC) and overly-mature coconuts (OMC). Among the samples studied, pH, turbidity and mineral contents for OMC water was the highest, whereas water volume, titratable acidity, total soluble solids and total phenolics content for OMC water were the lowest. Maturity was found to affect sugar contents. Sucrose content was found to increase with maturity, and the reverse trend was observed for fructose and glucose. Enzyme activity assessment showed that polyphenol oxidase (PPO) in all samples was more heat resistant than peroxidase (POD). Compared to IMC and MC, PPO and POD from OMC water showed the lowest thermal resistance, with D83.3°C=243.9s (z=27.9°C), and D83.3°C=129.9s (z=19.5°C), respectively.