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Validation of a GC–MS method for the estimation of dithiocarbamate fungicide residues and safety evaluation of mancozeb in fruits and vegetables

Mujawar, Sumaiyya, Utture, Sagar C., Fonseca, Eddie, Matarrita, Jessie, Banerjee, Kaushik
Food chemistry 2014 v.150 pp. 175-181
dithiocarbamate fungicides, fruits, fungicide residues, grapes, mancozeb, monitoring, pineapples, potatoes, tin, tomatoes
A sensitive and rugged residue analysis method was validated for the estimation of dithiocarbamate fungicides in a variety of fruit and vegetable matrices. The sample preparation method involved reaction of dithiocarbamates with Tin(II) chloride in aqueous HCl. The CS2 produced was absorbed into an isooctane layer and estimated by GC–MS selected ion monitoring. Limit of quantification (LOQ) was ⩽40μgkg−1 for grape, green chilli, tomato, potato, brinjal, pineapple and chayote and the recoveries were within 75–104% (RSD<15% at LOQ). The method could be satisfactorily applied for analysis of real world samples. Dissipation of mancozeb, the most-used dithiocarbamate fungicide, in field followed first+first order kinetics with pre-harvest intervals of 2 and 4days in brinjal, 7 and 10days in grapes and 0day in chilli at single and double dose of agricultural applications. Cooking practices were effective for removal of mancozeb residues from vegetables.