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Abundance and community structure of ammonia‐oxidizing Archaea and Bacteria in response to fertilization and mowing in a temperate steppe in Inner Mongolia

Chen, Yong‐Liang, Hu, Hang‐Wei, Han, Hong‐Yan, Du, Yue, Wan, Shi‐Qiang, Xu, Zhu‐Wen, Chen, Bao‐Dong
FEMS microbiology ecology 2014 v.89 no.1 pp. 67-79
Archaea, Nitrosospira, bacteria, community structure, field experimentation, mowing, nitrogen, nitrogen fertilizers, phosphorus, phylogeny, plant growth, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, seasonal variation, steppes, China
Based on a 6‐year field trial in a temperate steppe in Inner Mongolia, we investigated the effects of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilization and mowing on the abundance and community compositions of ammonia‐oxidizing Bacteria (AOB) and Archaea (AOA) upon early (May) and peak (August) plant growth using quantitative PCR (qPCR), terminal‐restriction fragment length polymorphism (T‐RFLP), cloning and sequencing. The results showed that N fertilization changed AOB community composition and increased AOB abundance in both May and August, but significantly decreased AOA abundance in May. By contrast, P fertilization significantly influenced AOB abundance only in August. Mowing significantly decreased AOA abundance and had little effect on AOA community compositions in May, while significantly influencing AOB abundance in both May and August, Moreover, AOA and AOB community structures showed obvious seasonal variations between May and August. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all AOA sequences fell into the Nitrososphaera cluster, and the AOB community was dominated by Nitrosospira Cluster 3. The results suggest that fertilization and mowing play important roles in affecting the abundance and community compositions of AOA and AOB.