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Bacterial communities in the collection and chlorinated distribution sections of a drinking water system in Budapest, Hungary

Homonnay, Zalán G., Török, György, Makk, Judit, Brumbauer, Anikó, Major, Éva, Márialigeti, Károly, Tóth, Erika
Journal of basic microbiology 2014 v.54 no.7 pp. 729-738
restriction fragment length polymorphism, water supply, community structure, Bradyrhizobium, chlorine, Methylocella, Sphingomonas, Gallionella, chlorination, carbon, pathogens, plate count, bacterial communities, drinking water, Mycobacterium, wells, bacteria, Hungary
Bacterial communities of a bank‐filtered drinking water system were investigated by aerobic cultivation and clone library analysis. Moreover, bacterial communities were compared using sequence‐aided terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T‐RFLP) fingerprinting at ten characteristic points located at both the collecting and the distributing part of the water supply system. Chemical characteristics of the samples were similar, except for the presence of chlorine residuals in the distribution system and increased total iron concentration in two of the samples. Assimilable organic carbon (AOC) concentration increased within the collection system, it was reduced by chlorination and it increased again in the distribution system. Neither fecal indicators nor pathogens were detected by standard cultivation techniques. Chlorination reduced bacterial diversity and heterotrophic plate counts. Community structures were found to be significantly different before and after chlorination: the diverse communities in wells and the collection system were dominated by chemolithotrophic (e.g., Gallionella and Nitrospira) and oligocarbophilic–heterotrophic bacteria (e.g., Sphingomonas, Sphingopyxis, and Bradyrhizobium). After chlorination in the distribution system, the most characteristic bacterium was related to the facultative methylotrophic Methylocella spp. Communities changed within the distribution system too, Mycobacterium spp. or Sphingopyxis spp. became predominant in certain samples.