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NTBC Treatment of the Pyomelanogenic Pseudomonas aeruginosa Clinical Isolate PA1111 Inhibits Pigment Production and Increases Sensitivity to Oxidative Stress
- M. Ketelboeter, Laura, Y. Potharla, Vishwakanth, L. Bardy, Sonia
- Current microbiology 2014 v.69 no.3 pp. 343-348
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa, aminoglycosides, antioxidants, bacteria, bacterial infections, oxidative stress
- Pyomelanin is a brown/black extracellular pigment with antioxidant and iron acquisition properties that is produced by a number of different bacteria. Production of pyomelanin in Pseudomonas aeruginosa contributes to increased resistance to oxidative stress and persistence in chronic infections. We demonstrate that pyomelanin production can be inhibited by 2-[2-nitro-4-(trifluoromethyl) benzoyl]-1,3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC). This treatment increases sensitivity of pyomelanogenic P. aeruginosa strains to oxidative stress, without altering the growth rate or resistance to aminoglycosides. As such, NTBC has potential to function as an anti-virulence factor in treating pyomelanogenic bacterial infections.