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Challenges of soil erosion and sludge management for sustainable development in Indonesia
- Fulazzaky, Mohamad Ali, Gany, Abdul Hafied Abdul
- Journal of environmental management 2009 v.90 no.8 pp. 2387-2392
- agricultural land, pollution, solid wastes, waste disposal, soil erosion, land application, waste management, issues and policy, laws and regulations, governmental programs and projects, Indonesia
- Most developing countries, particularly Indonesia, will be facing problems of sludge pressure in the next decades due to the increase in practices of legal and illegal logging as well as land and water demands. Consequently, they will also be facing the challenges of soil erosion and sludge management due to increased quantities of sludge coming from several potential sources, such as activated sludge, chemical sludge, fecal sludge and solid wastes as well as erosion and sedimentation. Although the government of Indonesia has enacted laws and policies to speed up the implementation of the programs and activities related to sludge management, the detailed practice concepts in implementing the programs need to be identified. Discussion of role-sharing amongst the related government agencies, private institutions and other stakeholders is urgent for clarifying the participation of each party in the next years to come. This paper proposes a management approach and level of responsibilities in sludge management. Implementation of zero ΔQ, zero ΔS and zero ΔP policies needs to be adopted by local and central governments. Application of sludge on the agricultural lands and other uses will promote sustainable development.