Main content area

Cloning, expression and characterization of a Trichinella spiralis serine protease gene encoding a 35.5kDa protein

Wang, Bin, Wang, Zhong Quan, Jin, Jing, Ren, Hui Jun, Liu, Li Na, Cui, Jing
Experimental parasitology 2013 v.134 no.2 pp. 148-154
Escherichia coli, Trichinella spiralis, Western blotting, adults, antigens, blood serum, excretory-secretory products, genes, immunity, intestinal mucosa, mice, muscle larvae, muscles, neonates, parasites, parasitology, serine proteinases, vaccines
Serine proteases are found in the excretory-secretory (ES) products from Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae, have collagenolytic and elastolytic activities, and may be related to the larval invasion of intestinal epithelial cells. In this study, the serine protease gene (TspSP-1.2, GenBank accession No. EU302800) encoding a 35.5kDa protein from T. spiralis was cloned, and recombinant TspSP-1.2 protein was produced in an Escherichia coli expression system. An anti-TspSP-1.2 serum recognized the native protein migrating at 35.5kDa by the Western blotting of the crude or ES antigens from muscle larvae at 42days post infection. An immunolocalization analysis identified TspSP-1.2 in the cuticle and internal organs of the parasite. Transcription and expression of the TspSP-1.2 gene was observed at all developmental stages of T. spiralis (adult worms, newborn larvae, pre-encapsulated larvae and muscle larvae). An in vitro invasion assay showed that, when anti-TspSP-1.2 serum, serum of infected mice and normal mouse serum were added to the medium, the invasion rate of the infective larvae in an HCT-8 cell monolayer was 33.0%, 89.4%, and 96.2%, respectively (P<0.05), indicating that the anti-TspSP-1.2 serum partially prevented the larval invasion of intestinal epithelial cells. After a challenge infection with T. spiralis infective larvae, mice immunized with the recombinant TspSP-1.2 protein displayed a 34.92% reduction in adult worm burden and 52.24% reduction in muscle larval burden. The results showed that the recombinant TspSP-1.2 protein induced a partial protective immunity in mice and could be considered as a potential vaccine candidate against T. spiralis infection.