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Purification and properties of a monomeric lactate dehydrogenase from yak Hypoderma sinense larva

Li, Pengfei, Jin, Suyu, Huang, Lin, Liu, Haohao, Huang, Zhihong, Lin, Yaqiu, Zheng, Yucai
Experimental parasitology 2013 v.134 no.2 pp. 190-194
Hypoderma sinense, affinity chromatography, bovine serum albumin, catalytic activity, correlation, gel chromatography, lactate dehydrogenase, larvae, mercuric chloride, molecular weight, pH, parasitology, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, polymerase chain reaction, restriction fragment length polymorphism, yaks
The objective of the present study was to study the characteristics of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from Hypoderma sinense larva. H. sinense larvae were collected from yak (Bos grunniens) and identified by a PCR-RFLP method. Analysis of LDH activity showed that the total LDH activity in H. sinense larva was negatively correlated with the length of larva. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the extracts of H. sinense larvae revealed one band of LDH, which was then purified by affinity chromatography and gel filtration. This enzyme showed an approximately 36kDa band on SDS-gel under both reducing and non-reducing conditions, in addition, size exclusion chromatography analysis showed that its molecular weight was smaller than bovine serum albumin (67kDa), indicating that it contains only one subunit. Michaelis constants (Kₘ) values assay revealed that LDH from H. sinense larva showed significantly lower Kₘ for lactate than other animals. LDH of H. sinense larva was stable at 60°C for 15min, and also exhibited high catalytic efficiency in a wide range of pH. HgCl₂ at the concentration of 0.1mM significantly decreased the activity of LDH from H. sinense larva but not at the concentration of 0.01mM. The results of the present study demonstrate that LDH from H. sinense larva is a thermal stable and pH insensitive enzyme suitable for catalyzing both forward and reverse reactions.