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Homoegonol attenuates the asthmatic responses induced by ovalbumin challenge

Shin, In-Sik, Ahn, Kyung-Seop, Shin, Na-Rae, Jeon, Chan-Mi, Kwon, Ok-Kyoung, Chin, Young-Won, Lee, Kyeong, Oh, Sei-Ryang
Archives of pharmacal research 2014 v.37 no.9 pp. 1201-1210
Styrax, animal disease models, anti-inflammatory activity, asthma, blood serum, cytokines, drugs, gelatinase B, immunoglobulin E, inducible nitric oxide synthase, inflammation, lignans, medicinal plants, mice, mucus, ovalbumin, Korean Peninsula
Homoegonol is a lignan derived from styraxlignolide A, which was isolated from Styrax japonica, a medicinal plant widely used for treatment of inflammatory diseases in Korea. We investigated the efficacy of homoegonol for the treatment of allergic asthma using an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced murine asthma model. The mice were sensitized through intraperitoneal injections of OVA on days 0 and 14. On days 21, 22 and 23 after the initial OVA sensitization, the mice were received OVA airway challenge. Homoegonol was administered by oral gavage at a dose of 30 mg/kg 1 h prior to the OVA challenge. The homoegonol-treated mice exhibited reduced inflammatory cell counts and Th2 cytokines in BALF, AHR, and IgE in the serum compared with the OVA-sensitized/challenged mice. The histological analysis of the lung tissue revealed that the administration of homoegonol attenuated the airway inflammation and the mucus overproduction in airway epithelial lesions induced by OVA through a reduction in expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and matrix metalloproteinase-9. These findings indicate that homoegonol effectively suppresses the asthmatic responses induced by OVA challenge and suggests that homoegonol exhibits potential as therapeutic drug for allergic asthma.