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Orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides) TLR2, MyD88 and IL-1β involved in anti-Cryptocaryon irritans response
- Li, Yan-Wei, Luo, Xiao-Chun, Dan, Xue-Ming, Huang, Xia-Zi, Qiao, Wei, Zhong, Zheng-Ping, Li, An-Xing
- Fish & shellfish immunology 2011 v.30 no.6 pp. 1230-1240
- signal transduction, heart, marine fish, ectoparasites, open reading frames, brain, gene expression, amino acids, spleen, introns, complementary DNA, monitoring, muscles, immune response, kidneys, exons, interleukin-1beta, liver, Toll-like receptor 2, grouper, Epinephelus coioides
- Cryptocaryon irritans is one of the most important ectoparasites of marine fish, and can have a devastating effect on aquacultured fish populations. The role of TLR signaling pathways in anti-parasitic immune responses is poorly understood in fish. In this paper, we first cloned Epinephelus coioides MyD88 full-length cDNA (EcMyD88) and its respective gene. The open reading frame (ORF) of cDNA is 873bp encoding 291 amino acid residues. Similar to other species, the EcMyD88 gene contains of five conserved exons and four diverse introns. The constitutive expression of EcMyD88 was detected in the gill, trunk kidney, head kidney, spleen, and heart in high concentrations, while the skin, brain, liver, and muscles contained much lower titers, indicating that EcMyD88 may play a crucial role in host innate immunologic surveillance. To identify the potential role of TLR pathways in fish anti-C. irritans immune responses, we chose three important molecules involved in anti-parasite responses, TLR2, MyD88 and IL-1β to indicate TLR pathway’s signal-in, signal transduction, and signal-out functions, respectively. The expression profile of these three genes was detected in grouper infected by C. irritans. Results showed these molecules each experience significant changes within the skin, gill (two infected mucosal sites), head kidney and spleen (two systematic immune organs) after C. irritans infection. These findings indicate the TLR signaling pathway may play an important role in host defense against C. irritans.