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Vibrio anguillarum bacterin uptake via the gills of Japanese flounder and subsequent immune responses

Kato, Goshi, Takano, Tomokazu, Sakai, Takamitsu, Matsuyama, Tomomasa, Nakayasu, Chihaya
Fish & shellfish immunology 2013 v.35 no.5 pp. 1591-1597
Paralichthys olivaceus, Vibrio anguillarum, adaptive immunity, antigens, epithelial cells, flounder, gene expression regulation, gills, immune response, immunohistochemistry, inflammation, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, serotypes, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
The mucosal surfaces of fish allow for the introduction of foreign substances, including antigens, from the surrounding environment. In this study, uptake of Vibrio anguillarum J-O-3 serotype bacterin by Japanese flounder, and the subsequent immune responses were investigated. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the bacterin was taken up through the epithelial cells of gills. The transcription levels of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor α were significantly up-regulated in the gills at 3 days following exposure to the bacterin. There was also a corresponding increase in IL-8 receptor, CD4-1, CD4-2 and CD8α transcript levels in the gills. Our findings suggest that the gills play a major role in the uptake of V. anguillarum bacterin and induction of inflammation, which results in an activation of the adaptive immune response in teleost fish.