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Measuring the mechanical properties of blood clots formed via the tissue factor pathway of coagulation

Foley, J.H., Butenas, S., Mann, K.G., Brummel-Ziedins, K.E.
Analytical biochemistry 2012 v.422 no.1 pp. 46-51
blood, blood coagulation, coagulation, corn, degradation, dynamics, fibrin, fibrinolysis, males, mechanical properties, platelet aggregation, quality control, t-plasminogen activator, trypsin inhibitors, viscoelasticity
Thrombelastography (TEG) is a method that is used to conduct global assays that monitor fibrin formation and fibrinolysis and platelet aggregation in whole blood. The purpose of this study was to use a well-characterized tissue factor (Tf) reagent and contact pathway inhibitor (corn trypsin inhibitor, CTI) to develop a reproducible thrombelastography assay. In this study, blood was collected from 5 male subjects (three times). Clot formation was initiated in whole blood with 5pM Tf in the presence of CTI, and fibrinolysis was induced by adding tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). Changes in viscoelasticity were then monitored by TEG. In quality control assays, our Tf reagent, when used at 5pM, induced coagulation in whole blood in 3.93±0.23min and in plasma in 5.12±0.23min (n=3). In TEG assays, tPA significantly decreased clot strength (maximum amplitude, MA) in all individuals but had no effect on clot time (R time). The intraassay variability (CVa<10%) for R time, angle, and MA suggests that these parameters reliably describe the dynamics of fibrin formation and degradation in whole blood. Our Tf reagent reproducibly induces coagulation, making it an ideal tool to quantify the processes that contribute to mechanical clot strength in whole blood.