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A new cell line (NTU-SE) from pupal tissues of the beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is highly susceptible to S. exigua multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (SeMNPV) and Autographa californica MNPV (AcMNPV)

Wu, Chih-Yu, Chen, Yue-Wen, Lin, Chih-Chun, Hsu, Chia-Ling, Wang, Chung-Hsiung, Lo, Chu-Fang
Journal of invertebrate pathology 2012 v.111 no.2 pp. 143-151
Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus, DNA, Spodoptera exigua, biological control, cell lines, esterases, fetal bovine serum, insects, internal transcribed spacers, isozymes, lactate dehydrogenase, larvae, malate dehydrogenase, pests, protein synthesis, pupae, recombinant proteins, tissues, virulence
A new continuous cell line, NTU-SE, was established from the pupal tissues of an economically important pest, the beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). This cell line contains four major morphologic types: round, polymorphic, spindle-shaped, and comma-shaped cells. The population doubling time of this new line in TNM-FH medium supplemented with 8% fetal bovine serum (FBS) at 28°C is 35.5h. The chromosomal spread from NTU-SE cells is typical to the chromosomal morphology of lepidopteran cell lines. Confidently, NTU-SE cell line is a new cell line that exhibits distinct isozyme patterns of esterase, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and malate dehydrogenase (MDH) from those of the other insect cell lines. In addition, the DNA sequence of the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of NTU-SE cells is above 96% identical to that sequence of S. exigua larvae, as compared to only 66% identical to that of S. litura larvae. The NTU-SE cell line is highly susceptible to S. exigua multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (SeMNPV) and Autographa californica MNPV (AcMNPV). Therefore, a highly virulent SeMNPV strain, SeMNPV-1, had been successfully isolated and propagated in NTU-SE cells. We conclude that the NTU-SE cell line will be a useful tool for the selection and mass production of highly virulent SeMNPV strains for the S. exigua biocontrol and the baculovirus based recombinant protein expression systems.