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Genetic merit for fertility traits in Holstein cows: III. Hepatic expression of somatotropic axis genes during pregnancy and lactation
- Cummins, S.B., Waters, S.M., Evans, A.C.O., Lonergan, P., Butler, S.T.
- Journal of dairy science 2012 v.95 no.7 pp. 3711-3721
- Holstein, bioavailability, biopsy, cows, cytokines, gene expression, genes, genetic merit, genotype, insulin-like growth factor I, insulin-like growth factor binding proteins, lactation, liver, messenger RNA, milk production, pregnancy, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, somatotropin receptors, transcription factors, tyrosine
- The objective of this study was to characterize the circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and the hepatic expression of key genes regulating the somatotropic axis in cows divergent in genetic merit for fertility traits but with similar genetic merit for milk production traits. A total of 11 cows with good genetic merit for fertility (Fert+) and 12 cows with poor genetic merit for fertility (Fert−) underwent liver biopsy by percutaneous punch technique on d 20 (±6.7 d) prepartum and on d 2 (±1.5 d), d 58 (±3.7 d), d 145 (±13 d), and d 245 (±17.1 d) postpartum. Total RNA was isolated and the mRNA expression of growth hormone receptor (GHR 1A and GHRtot), IGF-I, janus tyrosine kinase 2 (JAK2), signal transducer and activator of transcription 5B (STAT5B), suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS-3), acid-labile subunit (ALS), and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBP1 to IGFBP6) were measured by real-time quantitative PCR. During lactation, the circulating concentrations of IGF-I were 34% greater in Fert+ cows. The Fert+ cows had increased mean expression of IGF-I mRNA during the study; however, the difference in IGF-I mRNA abundance between Fert+ and Fert− cows was most pronounced at d 145 and 245. The expression of IGFBP3 and ALS transcript was similar in Fert+ and Fert− cows for the duration of the study. The Fert− cows, however, had greater expression of IGFBP2, IGFBP4, IGFBP5, and IGFBP6. Genotype had no effect on mRNA abundance of GHR 1A, STAT5B, JAK2, or SOCS-3. Genetic merit for fertility traits affects hepatic expression of key genes of the somatotropic axis regulating the synthesis, bioavailability, and stability of circulating IGF-I.