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Effect of progesterone on magnitude of the luteinizing hormone surge induced by two different doses of gonadotropin-releasing hormone in lactating dairy cows
- Giordano, J.O., Fricke, P.M., Guenther, J.N., Lopes, G., Jr., Herlihy, M.M., Nascimento, A.B., Wiltbank, M.C.
- Journal of dairy science 2012 v.95 no.7 pp. 3781-3793
- anterior pituitary, blood, corpus luteum, dairy cows, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, lactation, luteinizing hormone, ovulation, progesterone, secretion
- Ovulation to the first GnRH injection of Ovsynch-type protocols is lower in cows with high progesterone (P4) concentrations compared with cows with low P4 concentrations, suggesting that P4 may suppress the release of LH from the anterior pituitary after GnRH treatment. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of 1) circulating P4 concentrations at the time of GnRH treatment on GnRH-induced LH secretion in lactating dairy cows and 2) increasing the dose of GnRH from 100 to 200μg on LH secretion in a high- and low-P4 environment. A Double-Ovsynch (Pre-Ovsynch: GnRH, PGF₂α 7d later, GnRH 3d later, and Breeding-Ovsynch 7d later: GnRH, PGF₂α 7d later, and GnRH 48h later) synchronization protocol was used to create the high- and low-P4 environments. At the first GnRH injection of Breeding-Ovsynch (high P4), all cows with a corpus luteum ≥20mm were randomly assigned to receive 100 or 200μg of GnRH. At the second GnRH injection of Breeding-Ovsynch (low P4) cows were again randomized to receive 100 or 200μg of GnRH. Blood samples were collected every 15min from −15 to 180min after GnRH treatment, and then hourly until 6h after GnRH treatment. As expected, mean P4 concentrations were greater for cows in the high- than the low-P4 environment. For cows receiving 100μg of GnRH, the LH peak and area under the curve (AUC) were greater in the low- than in the high-P4 environment. Similarly, for cows receiving 200μg of GnRH, the LH peak and AUC were greater in the low- than the high-P4 environment. Cows receiving 100 or 200μg of GnRH had greater mean LH concentration in the low- than the high-P4 environment from 1 to 6h after GnRH treatment. On the other hand, when comparing the effect of the 2 GnRH doses in the high- and low-P4 environments, cows receiving 200μg of GnRH had a greater LH peak and AUC than cows treated with 100μg of GnRH both in the high- and low-P4 environments. For the high-P4 environment, mean LH was greater from 1.5 to 5h after GnRH treatment for cows receiving 200μg of GnRH than for those receiving 100μg of GnRH. In the low-P4 environment, mean LH was greater for cows receiving 200μg of GnRH than for those receiving 100μg of GnRH from 1 to 2.5h after GnRH treatment. We conclude that the P4 environment at GnRH treatment dramatically affects GnRH-induced LH secretion, and that a 200-μg dose of GnRH can increase LH secretion in either a high- or a low-P4 environment.