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Effectiveness of potassium carbonate sesquihydrate to increase dietary cation-anion difference in early lactation cows

Harrison, J., White, R., Kincaid, R., Block, E., Jenkins, T., St-Pierre, N.
Journal of dairy science 2012 v.95 no.7 pp. 3919-3925
biohydrogenation, blood, dairy cows, diet, dietary cation anion difference, early lactation, magnesium, milk, milk fat percentage, milk production, potassium, potassium carbonate, rumen, stearic acid, trans fatty acids
The effect of additional dietary potassium in early lactation dairy cows was evaluated with the addition of potassium carbonate sesquihydrate, which increased dietary K from 1.3 to 2.1% of dry matter (DM) from wk 3 to 12 of lactation. Cows fed potassium carbonate sesquihydrate in the form of DCAD Plus (Church & Dwight Co. Inc., Princeton, NJ) had increased DM intake, milk fat percentage and yield, energy-corrected milk, and efficiency of milk production per unit of DM intake. Milk fat of cows fed higher dietary K had a lower concentration of trans fatty acids, suggesting a role for potassium carbonate sesquihydrate in the rumen in the biohydrogenation processes converting linoleic to stearic acid. Cows fed the diet with 2.1% K had greater apparent balance of K, and no effects were noted on the concentration of blood Mg or amount of fecal Mg. The data support the feeding of greater amounts of K in the early lactation cow.