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Modulatory effect of green tea extract on hepatic key enzymes of glucose metabolism in streptozotocin and high fat diet induced diabetic rats

Sundaram, Ramalingam, Naresh, Rajendran, Shanthi, Palanivelu, Sachdanandam, Panchanatham
Phytomedicine 2013 v.20 pp. 577-584
animal disease models, blood glucose, body weight, carbohydrate metabolism, diabetes mellitus, glucose, glucose-6-phosphatase, glucose-6-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase, glycemic effect, glycogen, glycogen (starch) synthase, glycosylation, green tea, hemoglobin, hexokinase, high fat diet, insulin, lactate dehydrogenase, liver, metformin, muscles, oral administration, phosphorylase, plant extracts, pyruvate kinase, rats, streptozotocin
The study was undertaken to evaluate the antidiabetic effect of green tea extract on carbohydrate metabolic key enzymes in control and streptozotocin high fat diet -induced diabetic rats. The daily oral treatment of green tea extract (300mg/kg body weight) to diabetic rats for 30 days resulted in a significant reduction in the levels of plasma glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and increase in the levels of insulin and hemoglobin. The altered activities of the key enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism such as hexokinase, pyruvate kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, glucose-6-phosphatase, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, glycogen synthase and glycogen phosphorylase in liver of diabetic rats were significantly reverted to near normal levels by the administration of green tea extract. Further, green tea extract administration to diabetic rats improved muscle and hepatic glycogen content suggesting the antihyperglycemic potential of green tea extract in diabetic rats. The obtained results were compared with metformin, a standard oral hypoglycemic drug. Thus, this study indicates that the administration of green tea extract to diabetic rats resulted in alterations in the metabolism of glucose with subsequent reduction in plasma glucose levels.