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Parameterization of the EROSION 2D/3D soil erosion model using a small-scale rainfall simulator and upstream runoff simulation

Schindewolf, Marcus, Schmidt, Jürgen
Catena 2012 v.91 pp. 47-55
rain, rainfall simulation, roughness, runoff, sediments, soil, soil erosion models, surface roughness
The specific parameters of soil erosion models as resistance to erosion, hydraulic roughness etc., are usually determined by simulated rainfall experiments. Due to the required plot length of usually 22m, these experiments can only be carried out with an enormous effort of time and manpower. This study presents a runoff feeding device, which is able to multiply the plot length virtually by supplying sediment loaded runoff from upstream. Thus it is possible to restrict the plot length to 3m and nevertheless simulate flow conditions similar to those using standard plots. The described method has been already tested successfully under laboratory conditions (Parson et al., 1998; Römkens et al., 2001; Schmidt, 1996). In the present study, this method is used to determine input parameters for the soil loss and deposition model EROSION 2D/3D under field conditions. Based on the model parameters “skinfactor, soil resistance to erosion and surface roughness” the experimental approach is described exemplarily. The experimental results show that results from large-scale rainfall simulations with the plot's length of 22m can be reproduced successfully.