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Complexity of roles and regulation of the PMK1-MAPK pathway in mycelium development, conidiation and appressorium formation in Magnaporthe oryzae

Jin, Qingchao, Li, Chanyuan, Li, Youzhi, Shang, Jinjie, Li, Debao, Chen, Baoshan, Dong, Haitao
Gene Expression Patterns 2013 v.13 pp. 133-141
Magnaporthe oryzae, appressoria, blast disease, carbohydrate metabolism, complementary DNA, conidiation, fungi, gene expression, gene expression regulation, glucose, meiosis, mutants, mycelium, pathogens, regulon, signal transduction
MST50, MST11, MST7, PMK1 and GAS1/GAS2 genes are the important components in the PMK1-MAPK signal transduction pathway in fungi. Mutants with deletion of these five genes of Magnaporthe oryzae, a pathogen of the rice blast, were constructed. A cDNA array containing 4108 unique genes of M. oryzae was developed and used to analyze the gene expression profiles of these mutants against the wild type to dissect the gene expression regulation networks responsible for conidiation and appressorium formation. With this approach, differentially regulated genes by these five components were identified. The vast majority of the regulated genes were mutant-specific, while only a small proportion were in common for all of the mutants, suggesting that each of these genes has its own regulon. Functional groups and expression patterns of the regulated genes showed that (1) gene members in the PMK1-MAPK pathway are associated with multiple signaling pathways; (2) the regulation of PMK1-mediated signaling pathways is very complex and likely involved in other signaling networks; (3) glucose metabolism and signals are required in mycelium development; and (4) appressorium formation likely shares the mechanisms responsible for sexual conjugation and meiosis, which is affected by carbohydrate metabolism.