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Human MxA protein inhibits the replication of classical swine fever virus

Zhao, Yicheng, Pang, Daxin, Wang, Tiedong, Yang, Xin, Wu, Rong, Ren, Linzhu, Yuan, Ting, Huang, Yongye, Ouyang, Hongsheng
Virus research 2011 v.156 no.1-2 pp. 151-155
Bunyaviridae, Classical swine fever virus, RNA, fibroblasts, fluorescence, genome, hog cholera, humans, progeny, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, swine, titration, viruses
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) has a spherical enveloped particle with a single stranded RNA genome, the virus belonging to a pestivirus of the family Flaviviridae is the causative agent of an acute contagious disease classical swine fever (CSF). The interferon-induced MxA protein has been widely shown to inhibit the life cycle of certain RNA viruses as members of the Bunyaviridae family and others. Interestingly, it has been reported that expression of MxA in infected cells was blocked by CSFV and whether MxA has an inhibitory effect against CSFV remains unknown to date until present. Here, we report that CSFV replicated poorly in cells stably transfected with human MxA. The proliferation of progeny virus in both PK-15 cell lines and swine fetal fibroblasts (PEF) continuously expressing MxA was shown significantly inhibited as measured by virus titration, indirect immune fluorescence assay and real-time PCR.