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Differential expression analyses of host genes involved in systemic infection of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (ToLCNDV)
- Naqvi, Afsar Raza, Sarwat, Maryam, Pradhan, Bhubaneswar, Choudhury, Nirupam Roy, Haq, Qazi Mohd Rizwanul, Mukherjee, Sunil Kumar
- Virus research 2011 v.160 no.1-2 pp. 395-399
- Northern blotting, Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus, ethylene, expressed sequence tags, flowers, gene expression, gene expression regulation, genes, hosts, innate immunity, leaf curling, leaves, metabolism, pathogens, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, suppression subtractive hybridization, temporal variation, tissues, tomatoes, transcriptome, viruses
- Tomato leaf curl viruses (ToLCV) infect tomato plants and eventually cause several phenotypic defects, notably in the leaves in the form of upward curling. The entry of virus triggers plants’ basal defense responses which eventually introduce temporal changes in the transcriptome to evade the pathogen attack. In this study, we have identified about 20 tomato ESTs using subtractive hybridization that were induced in tomato leaves upon agro-infection with the constructs bearing the dimers of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (ToLCNDV) DNA-A and DNA-B components. The induced ESTs belonged to the class of genes that play crucial roles in innate immunity, plants metabolism and ethylene signaling. The expression of few of these ESTs was validated by northern blot analysis and two out of six selected genes expressed exclusively in the infected leaf tissues. Besides leaves, the expression status of selected genes was checked in a wide variety of tissues (flower, fruit, stem and root) of both healthy and infected plants by RT-PCR. These results suggest that the flower and fruit tissues, similar to leaves, exhibited induction of most of the genes while the stem and root tissues suffered from down-regulation. Overall, these results indicate that the hosts’ transcriptome undergoes considerable changes in response to viral infection.