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Paraffin/diatomite composite phase change material incorporated cement-based composite for thermal energy storage
- Xu, Biwan, Li, Zongjin
- Applied energy 2013 v.105 pp. 229-237
- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, cement, diatomaceous earth, differential scanning calorimetry, drying, energy, heat, melting point, scanning electron microscopes, scanning electron microscopy, shrinkage, specific heat, thermal conductivity, thermal stability, thermogravimetry
- In this study, thermal energy storage cement-based composite (TESC) was developed by incorporating paraffin/diatomite (DP) composite phase change material (PCM). Paraffin/DP composite PCM was firstly fabricated at mix proportion (paraffin: DP) of 0.9:1.0. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) results show that paraffin can be well impregnated into DP pores and has good compatibility with it. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results reveal that paraffin/DP composite PCM has melting temperature and latent heat of 41.11°C and 70.51J/g, respectively. Good thermal stability is observed for this fabricated composite PCM by using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) method. Furthermore, paraffin/DP composite PCM was incorporated in cement-based composite at 10%, 15%, 20% and 30%, by weight of cement. It is found that in comparison with control normal cement-based composite, maximum reductions on 28-day compressive strength and flexural strength, drying shrinkage strain and thermal conductivity by incorporation of paraffin/DP composite PCM are 48.7%, 47.5%, 80.7% and 33.6%, respectively. Good thermal energy storage performance of TESC is clearly suggested by results of specific heat capacity test and heating test.