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Paraffin/diatomite composite phase change material incorporated cement-based composite for thermal energy storage

Xu, Biwan, Li, Zongjin
Applied energy 2013 v.105 pp. 229-237
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, cement, diatomaceous earth, differential scanning calorimetry, drying, energy, heat, melting point, scanning electron microscopes, scanning electron microscopy, shrinkage, specific heat, thermal conductivity, thermal stability, thermogravimetry
In this study, thermal energy storage cement-based composite (TESC) was developed by incorporating paraffin/diatomite (DP) composite phase change material (PCM). Paraffin/DP composite PCM was firstly fabricated at mix proportion (paraffin: DP) of 0.9:1.0. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) results show that paraffin can be well impregnated into DP pores and has good compatibility with it. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results reveal that paraffin/DP composite PCM has melting temperature and latent heat of 41.11°C and 70.51J/g, respectively. Good thermal stability is observed for this fabricated composite PCM by using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) method. Furthermore, paraffin/DP composite PCM was incorporated in cement-based composite at 10%, 15%, 20% and 30%, by weight of cement. It is found that in comparison with control normal cement-based composite, maximum reductions on 28-day compressive strength and flexural strength, drying shrinkage strain and thermal conductivity by incorporation of paraffin/DP composite PCM are 48.7%, 47.5%, 80.7% and 33.6%, respectively. Good thermal energy storage performance of TESC is clearly suggested by results of specific heat capacity test and heating test.