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Anti-leishmanial activity of the bisnaphthalimidopropyl derivatives

Tavares, Joana, Ouaissi, Ali, Silva, Ana Marta, Lin, Paul Kong Thoo, Roy, Nilanjan, Cordeiro-da-Silva, Anabela
Parasitology international 2012 v.61 no.2 pp. 360-363
Leishmania infantum, amphotericin B, blood cell counts, drugs, erythrocytes, hematocrit, hemoglobin, liver, mice, models, parasite load, parasitology, spleen, toxicity, visceral leishmaniasis
Bisnaphthalimidopropyl (BNIP) derivatives were recently identified as inhibitors of the Leishmania Silent Information Regulator 2 (SIR2) NAD⁺-dependent deacetylase. In this report we have for the first time, determined the potential of these compounds to treat visceral leishmaniasis using BALB/c mice chronically infected with Leishmania infantum as a model. These experiments led to the identification of BNIPdiaminooctane (BNIPDaoct) as an effective compound able to induce significant reduction of the parasite load in the spleen and in the liver. Indeed, at a dose of 1mg/kg, BNIPDaoct was more effective to treat leishmaniasis in a short course treatment (3 or 6 drug administrations) than the standard amphotericin B. Moreover, no indications of hematological toxicity were detected as evaluated by the hemoglobin, hematocrit, white and red blood cell counts, hence making BNIPDaoct a potential therapeutic agent against leishmaniasis.