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α-Tocopherol and lipid profiles in plasma and the expression of α-tocopherol-related molecules in the liver of Opisthorchis viverrini-infected hamsters

Laothong, Umawadee, Pinlaor, Porntip, Boonsiri, Patcharee, Hiraku, Yusuke, Khoontawad, Jarinya, Hongsrichan, Nuttanan, Charoensuk, Lakhanawan, Pinlaor, Somchai
Parasitology international 2013 v.62 no.2 pp. 127-133
ABC transporters, Opisthorchis viverrini, alpha-tocopherol, cholesterol, correlation, hamsters, high density lipoprotein, lipid metabolism, liver, low density lipoprotein, oleic acid, oxidative stress, parasitology, triolein
Opisthorchis viverrini infection induces inflammation-mediated oxidative stress and liver injury, which may alter α-tocopherol and lipid metabolism. We investigated plasma α-tocopherol and lipid profiles in hamsters infected with O. viverrini. Levels of α-tocopherol, cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein increased in the acute phase of infection. In the chronic phase, α-tocopherol decreased, while triglyceride and very low-density lipoprotein increased. Notably, high-density lipoprotein decreased both in the acute and chronic phases. In the liver, cholesteryl oleate, triolein, and oleic acid decreased in the acute phase, and increased in the chronic phase. Such chronological changes were negatively correlated with the plasma α-tocopherol level. The expression of α-tocopherol-related molecules, ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and α-tocopherol transfer protein, increased throughout the experiment. These results suggest that O. viverrini infection profoundly affects on lipid and α-tocopherol metabolism in due course of infection.