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Spectroscopic studies of the effects of anticancer drug mitoxantrone interaction with calf-thymus DNA

Agarwal, Shweta, Jangir, Deepak Kumar, Mehrotra, Ranjana
Journal of photochemistry and photobiology 2013 v.120 pp. 177-182
B-DNA, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, absorption, anthracyclines, antineoplastic agents, drug therapy, pH, photobiology, photochemistry, risk, spectral analysis
Mitoxantrone (MTX) (1,4-dihydroxy-5,8-bis[[2-[(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethyl]amino]-9,10-anthracenedione) is a synthetic antineoplastic drug, widely used as a potent chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of various types of cancer. It is structurally similar to classical anthracyclines. Widespread interest in the anticancer agent mitoxantrone has arisen because of its apparent lower risk of cardio-toxic effects compared to the naturally occurring anthracyclines. In the present work, we investigated the interaction of mitoxantrone with DNA in the buffer solution at physiological pH using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), UV–Visible absorption and circular dichroism spectroscopic techniques. FTIR analysis revealed the intercalation of mitoxantrone between the DNA base pairs along with its external binding with phosphate–sugar backbone. The binding constant calculated for mitoxantrone–DNA association was found to be 3.88×105M−1 indicating high affinity of drug with DNA double helix. Circular dichroism spectroscopic results suggest that there are no major conformational changes in DNA upon interaction with drug except some perturbations in native B-DNA at local level. The present work shows the capability of spectroscopic analysis to characterize the nature of drug–biomolecule complex and the effects of such interaction on the structure of biomolecule.