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Detoxification of Indigo carmine using a combined treatment via a novel trimeric thermostable laccase and microbial consortium
- Ben Younes, Sonia, Sayadi, Sami
- Journal of Molecular Catalysis. B, Enzymatic 2013 v.87 pp. 62-68
- Scytalidium, absorbance, carbon, catalytic activity, color, decolorization, indigo, indigo carmine, laccase, pH, temperature, thermal stability, toxicity
- For the first time, the investigation of Indigo carmine decolorization was done using an atypical Scytalidium thermophilum laccase. Crude and purified laccases required high temperatures and slight acidic pH to achieve maximum Indigo decolorization. Kinetic parameters (Km and kcat) of the homotrimeric laccase toward Indigo carmine were determined and laccase efficacy toward repeated dye decolorization process was studied. For the first time, 5gl−1 as initial Indigo carmine concentration were efficiently transformed up to 50% within 6h of incubation using 0.1Uml−1 of laccase and without presence of any mediators. In this study, we showed that the atypical laccase transformed the indigoid dye structure, confirmed by the color changing from blue to red. This intermediate (red) was a subject to an efficient microbial consortium treatment monitored by measuring the decrease in optical density and the total organic carbon removal efficiencies. Toxicological studies via micro-toxicity test showed that the released enzymatic and adapted consortium degradation products were both non-toxic while the initial product was toxic.