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Secretory expression and characterization of a bile salt hydrolase from Lactobacillus plantarum in Escherichia coli

Dong, Zixing, Zhang, Juan, Lee, Byong Hoon, Li, Huazhong, Du, Guocheng, Chen, Jian
Journal of Molecular Catalysis. B, Enzymatic 2013 v.93 pp. 57-64
EDTA (chelating agent), Escherichia coli, Lactobacillus plantarum, affinity chromatography, bile salts, catalytic activity, dimethyl sulfoxide, dithiothreitol, inclusion bodies, molecular weight, pH, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, protein synthesis, proteins, secretion, signal peptide, sodium, substrate specificity, temperature, thermal stability
As PelB signal peptide (secretory system) of pET vectors was not effective in secreting bile salt hydrolase (BSH), we used the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway as an alternative for this secretory production. Here we report the BSH secretion by the twin-arginine signal peptide of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) reductase subunit DmsA from Escherichia coli. Although most of the proteins expressed were intracellular inclusion bodies, some proteins were successfully secreted to the medium. When BSH was purified to homogeneity from the supernatant using Ni-NTA affinity chromatography, the molecular mass was estimated to be 37.0kDa by SDS-PAGE. While the pH and temperature optima were at pH 6.0 and 37°C, the pH and thermal stability were pH 7.0–8.0 and 40°C, respectively. Substrate specificity studies showed that this enzyme is more efficient in hydrolyzing glycoconjugated bile salts than tauroconjugated bile salts. With glycodeoxycholate (GDCA) as the substrate, the Michaelis constant (Km) and maximum reaction rate (Vmax) were determined to be 2.07mM and 142.8μmol/(minmg), respectively, and the turnover number (Kcat) was 88.127s−1. BSH activity was enhanced by dithiothreitol (DTT) and ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), and completely inhibited by sodium periodate and CuCl2. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the secretory expression of BSH using twin-arginine signal peptides, and the biochemical characteristics investigated would lay a theoretical foundation for the structure analysis of BSH.